Installing Ubuntu Linux on a Google Chromebook

Installing Ubuntu Linux on a Google Chromebook
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Installing Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system. In order to install and run Ubuntu on a Chromebook, we need to use an installation tool called Crouton.

Crouton, which is an acronym for ChRomium Os Universal chrooT envirONment, provides an easy-to-use method of installing and running a full Linux installation under Chrome OS. It works by using chroots, which allows a secondary guest operating system – such as Ubuntu, to run concurrently with Chrome OS, sharing the same hardware devices and resources, but with no performance penalty since everything is running natively. The Crouton open source project is available on GitHub, was created and is maintained by David Schneider, a Chrome Hardware Engineer at Google.

The following instructions will guide you through the installation of Ubuntu using Crouton:

  1. Download the latest Crouton installation script to the Chrome OS Downloads directory. Make sure to retain a copy of this script as you will need it for maintenance in the future.
  2. From Chrome OS, press the Ctrl+Alt+T keys.
    Chromebook Keyboard Ctrl+Alt+T

    Ctrl+Alt+T

    A Crosh Terminal window will open in the Chrome browser.

    Chrome OS Crosh Terminal

    Crosh Terminal

  3. Type the following command and press Enter.
    shell
  4. Type the following command and press Enter.
    sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce

    The Crouton installation script will automatically download and install Ubuntu on the Chromebook. At the end of the installation process, you will be prompted for a Username and Password for the Ubuntu system.

  5. Type the following command and press Enter.
    sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -r precise –t keyboard -u

    This will enable extended Chromebook keyboard support, such as the brightness and volume keys, from inside Ubuntu.

  6. To start the Xfce Desktop Environment, use the following command:
    sudo startxfce4

    The Xfce Desktop Environment will start.

    Xfce Desktop

    Xfce Desktop Environment

  7. From the Application Menu, located at the top left of the screen, open a new Terminal Emulator window.
  8. As the screensaver has been known to cause graphical problems with Chrome OS, remove it using the following command:
    sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver
  9. Install the Ubuntu Software Center and Synaptic, which are both used for installing additional applications, by using the following commands:
    sudo apt-get install software-center synaptic
    sudo apt-get install software-properties-common python-software-properties

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